THE PESTILENTIAL SOUTHERLY WIND
In Historia Ventorum or the History of Winds (1622 issue), Bacon wrote :
"In the south wind the breath of man is more offensive, the appeitite of animals is more depressed, pestilential diseases are more frequent, catarrhs abound, and men are more dull and heavy" (translation).
It would seem that Bacon refers to the south-westerly wind, as a south wind is a rare occurrence bringing fine weather with no more than a gentle breeze
All the contagion of the south wind light on you,
You shames of Rome! You herd ofBoils and plagues
Plaster you o'er; that you may be abhorr'd
Further than seen, and one infect another
Against the wind a mile!
It is Caliban who sets the pestilential wind in the exact quarter :
A south-west blow on ye
And Blister you all o'er!
"In heavy storms, they first lower the yards and take in the top sails, and , if necessary, all the others, even cutting down the masts themselves" -History of the Winds Francis Bacon 1622
"Yare-Yare; take in the top sail...Down with the top- mast"-The Tempest
"Without doubt we are paying for the sin of our first parents and imitating it. They wanted to be like Gods; we their posterity, still more so. We create worlds. We prescribe laws to nature and lord it over her. We want to have all things as suits our fatuity, not as fits the Divine Wisdom, not as they are found in nature. We impose the seal of our image on the creatures and works of God, we do not diligently seek to discover the seal of God on things. Therefore not undeservedly have we again fallen from our dominion over the creation; and though after the Fall of mans some dominion over rebellious nature still remainedto the extent at least that it could be subdued and controlled by true and solid artseven that we have for the most part forfeited by our pride, because we wanted to be like gods and follow the dictates of our own reason. Wherefore, if there by any humility towards the Creator, if there be any reverence and praise of his works; if there be any charity towards men, and zeal to lessen human wants and sufferings; it there be any love of truth in natural things, any hatred of darkness, any desire to purify the understanding; men are to be entreated again and again that they should dismiss for a while or at least put aside those inconstant and preposterous philosophies which prefer these to hypotheses, have led experience captive, and triumphed over the works of God; that they should humbly and with a certain reverence draw near to the book of Creation; that there should make a stay, that on it they should meditate, and that then washed and clean they should in chastity and integrity turn them from opinion. This is that speech and language which has gone out to all the ends of the earth, and has not suffered the confusion of Babel; this must men learn, and resuming their youth, they must become as little children and deign to take its alphabet into their hands. (History of the Winds, 1623)
COMMENTARY ON "HISTORY OF THE WINDS" AND "THE TEMPEST"
SirBacon.org - Sir Francis Bacon's New Advancement of Learning