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A Phoenix

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  1. Hi Michael, I would strongly recommend a read of Kate's book-see review below: Review - The Secret Work of an Age This work takes the reader on an unforgettable journey through the history, ideas and themes of the wisdom tradition from the mists of time throughout the ages to the present day. The extraordinary breadth and depth of it is based and erected upon the solid foundation of meticulous and extensive research with supporting links provided on all the principle subjects covered in it. It especially takes account of the known times of the Sumerians, Egyptians, the major continents of East and West, including in depth explorations of the arcane knowledge, wisdom and teachings of various secret societies, in particular, the Knights Templar, and the Rosicrucian and Freemasonry Brotherhoods. At the head and heart of the seventeenth-century Rosicrucian-Freemasonry Brotherhood stood the towering genius of its age Francis Bacon (concealed author of the Shakespeare works), the Founding Father of the Modern World, whose secret order founded the United States of America, here explored and explained with impressive penetration and insight. The secrets of these societies veiled in allegory, metaphor and symbolism, impenetrable to the profane and uninitiated, are teased out and explained by its author with remarkable and compelling clarity revealing what has been hidden and concealed from us in some instances for hundreds and thousands of years. It also displays a masterful grasp of the magic and mathematical qualities of numbers, geometry and trigonometry and their hidden significance and meaning found everywhere in the everyday world all around us. Through its central esoteric theme As Above So Below it explores the nexus of the microcosm of man and the macrocosm of the universe and the cosmic laws that underpin and sustain human existence. In doing so it takes us on a fascinating and illuminating journey of the astrological/astronomical cosmos and its ages up to the current developing Age of Aquarius: one of Peace, Love and Light marked by the further revealing of long hidden secrets, the raising of the collective consciousness of man, and the eventual Universal Reformation of the Whole World, providing a unique opportunity for the fulfilment of humankind’s divine and ordained destiny. This book is a must read for all those who wish to possess a deeper understanding of who we are, where we came from, and the future direction of humanity, which will forever change the way we see the world and our unique place in it. A Phoenix. https://www.the-secret-work.com/store/p2/The_Secret_Work_of_an_Age_ebook.html
  2. Hi Michael, You might find some useful general background information in my paper The Fraudulent Friedmans (pp. 172-80) and some of the posts I have placed here on B'Hive under the heading Francis Bacon and the United States of America.
  3. HIS UTOPIAN FABLE NEW ATLANTIS (LAND OF THE ROSICRUCIANS) THE BLUEPRINT FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. In his introduction to New Atlantis Dr. Rawley tells how Bacon had devised the fable in order to exhibit a model or description of a college, which Bacon had called Soloman's House, for the interpreting of nature and the producing of great and marvellous works for the benefit of man. Bacon realized these glorious ends could not be achieved by the single efforts of one man which 'suggested the constitution and regulations of a society formed to overcome them'.1 The description of Soloman's House 'is the description of the vision in which he lived' a 'world as it might be made if we did our duty by it; of a state of things which he believed would one day be actually seen upon this earth. . .and the coming of which he believed that his own labours were sensibly hastening.’2 The secret order alluded to in New Atlantis (Land of the Rosicrucians) were governed by Bacon’s Brothers of the Rosy Cross. The carefully devised rituals of the Order were secretly transplanted to America, a nation from its divine inception developed and planned along Rosicrucian-Freemasonic lines. 1. Spedding, Works, III, p. 121. 2. Ibid., Works, III, p. 122.
  4. FRANCIS BACON ‘MY ENDS ARE ONLY, TO MAKE THE WORLD MY HEIR’: HIS SECRET PLAN FOR THE FUTURE DIRECTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE REST OF THE WORLD. In New Atlantis his blueprint for America Bacon reveals a vision of a society free from suspicion and ignorance. It foretold of a society built on brotherly love and the advancement of learning in all arts and sciences. Its realization required virtuous men to selflessly labour quietly for the everlasting benefit of humanity and the future ages. In a speech touching the recovery of drowned mineral works, prepared for Parliament by the Viscount of St. Albans, the then Lord Chancellor of England attested to the practical application of his vision unfolded in the New Atlantis: For, by this unchangeable way (my Lords) have I proposed to erect the Academical Fabric of this Island’s Salomon's House, modelled in my New Atlantis. And I can hope (my Lords) that my Midnight Studies to make our Countries flourish and outvy European Neighbours in mysterious and beneficent Arts, have not so ingratefully affected the whole Intellects, that you will delay or resist his Majesty’s desires, and my humble Petition in this Benevolent, yea, Magnificent Affair; Since your Honourable Posterities may be inriched thereby, and my Ends are only, to make the World my Heir, and the learned Fathers of my Salomon’s House, the successive and sworn Trustees in the dispensation of this great Service, for Gods Glory, my Prince’s Magnificence, this Parliaments Honour, our Countries general Good, and the propagation of my own Memory.1 These enigmatical prophetical words warrant careful attention. For ‘Midnight studies’ we should read-work carried out in secret. For the ‘learned Fathers of my Salomon’s House', his Rosicrucian-Freemasonry Brotherhood, and the 'sworn trustees' its secret elite members.2 But the most remarkable part of the passage has, as far as I am aware, hitherto passed unnoticed and uncommented upon. When referring to his benevolent and magnificent plans for the future direction of humanity Bacon states that his ‘Ends are only, to make the world my Heir’. Ordinarily, a statement of such incomparable magnitude as to be unbelievable, unachievable even, but through his Rosicrucian- Freemasonry Brotherhood, it was a desire he would secretly achieve. 1. Thomas Tenison, ed., Baconiana or Certaine Genuine Remaines of Sr Francis Bacon (London: printed by J. D. for Richard Chiswell, 1679), pp. 132-3. 2. Manly P. Hall, America’s Assignment With Destiny (Los Angeles: Philosophical Research Society, 1979, 1994), pp. 72-3.
  5. FRANCIS BACON FOUNDING FATHER OF VIRGINIA & THE NEW WORLD. In search of his fortune Strachey left London and set sail for the New World on the Sea Adventure. While still in Virginia, or shortly after returning to England he began to write The Historie of Travaile into Virginia Brittania which he probably completed around the end of 1612.1 Though the work was not published at the time it carries on its title-page the words ‘This shalbe written for the generation to come: and the people which shalbe created shall praise the Lord.’2 It was first published in 1849 by R. H. Major who in noting the prophetic quotation said it seemed to indicate an anticipation on Strachey's part that his manuscript would one day be printed.3 Three manuscripts of the work survive. The first dedicated to Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, a second presented to William Aspley, Purveyor of his Majesty’s Navy Royal, and as indicated by the address, a third and revised manuscript presented to Bacon in 1618 ‘To the Right Honourable SIR FRANCIS BACON, Knight, Baron of Verulam, Lord High Chancellor of England, and of His Majesties most honorable Privy Counsell’ accompanied by the following dedicatory letter: Most worthely honor’d Lord Your Lordship ever approving yourself a most noble fautor of the Virginian Plantation, being from the beginning (with other lords and earles) of the principal counsell applyed to propogate and quide yt: and my poore self (bound to your observaunce, by being one of the Graies-Inne Societie) having bene there three yeares thither, imploied in place of secretarie so long there present; and setting downe with all my welmeaning abilities a true narration or historie of the countrie: to whome shoulde I submitt so aptly, and with so much dutye, the most humble present thereof, as to your most worthie and best-judging Lordship? who in all vertuous and religious endeavours have ever bene, as a supreame encourager, so an inimitable patterne and perfecter: nor shall my plaine and rude composition any thought discourage my attempt, since howsoever I should feare to appeare therein before so matchles a maister in that facultie (if any opinionate worth of mine owne worke presented me) yet as the great Composer of all things made all good with his owne goodnes, and in our only will to his imitation takes us into his act, so be his goodnes your good Lordship’s in this acceptation: for which with all my poore service I shall abide ever Your best Lordship's most humbly, WILLIAM STRACHEY. 4 1. S. G. Culliford, William Strachey, 1572-1621 (The University Press of Virginia, 1965), p. 184. 2. Richard Henry Major, ed., The Historie of Travaile into Virginia Britannia; Expressing the Cosmographie and Comodities of the Country, Togither with the Manners and Customes of the People (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1849), ‘The First Booke, title page. 3. Ibid., ‘Editor’s Preface’. 4. Ibid., dedication to ‘Sir Francis Bacon’.
  6. THE INTRODUCTION OF THE ROSICRUCIAN-FREEMASONRY BROTHERHOOD INTO THE NEW WORLD. Several writers have commented upon the likely date when Freemasonry was most probably introduced into the United States of America. In Freemasonry in all Ages Reverend Carey, Associate of the Philosophical Society of Great Britain, commented ‘We are furnished with no documentary evidence of the introduction of Freemasonry into the United States; but it appears that it had an existence there as early as the year 1606.’1 In The Temple and the Lodge under the heading ‘Freemasonry and American Independence’ Baigent and Leigh were also familiar with the belief Freemasonry was transplanted to the New World at the time of the Jamestown settlement: According to some traditions, a form of Freemasonry or proto-Freemasonry came to the New World as early as the Jamestown settlement of 1607 and established itself in Virginia, working to promote the kind of idealised society outlined twenty years later by Francis Bacon in such works as The New Atlantis. This possibility cannot entirely be discounted. The ‘Rosicrucian’ thinkers of the early seventeenth century were obsessively aware of the opportunities America offered for the idealised social blueprints that figured so prominently in their work. So, too, were the members of the ‘Invisible College’ which eventually became visible in the form of the Royal Society. It would be most surprising if at least something of their ideas did not find its way across the Atlantic. In any case, the first transplantations of Freemasonry to America, when and wherever they occurred, would have been as inevitable, as routine, as predictable and, initially, as devoid of major consequence as the transplantation of other English attitudes and institutions. No one could have foreseen the significance these transplantations would quickly assume.2 A less diffident Manly P. Hall confidently states: After the Jamestown settlement gained some semblance of order and permanence, descendants of those men who formed the original Baconian Society left England and settled in the colony. It was through them that the Great Plan began to operate in America. There were most fortuitous marriages between the families of the original custodians of the philosophical legacy. From the minglings of the bloods of the Bacons, the Wottons, the Donnes, the Herberts, and the Mores, the Virginia colony derived many of its prominent citizens. Lord Bacon guided the project and probably outlined the program to be followed after his death.3 1. M. F. Carey, Freemasonry in All Ages (Columbus, Ohio: Nitschke Brothers, 1894), pp. 356-7. 2. Michael Baigent and Richard Leigh, The Temple and the Lodge (New York: Arcade Publishing, 1989), p. 201. 3. Manly P. Hall, America’s Assignment With Destiny (Los Angeles: Philosophical Research Society, 1994), p. 73.
  7. FRANCIS BACON'S SHAKESPEARE PLAY THE TEMPEST A ROSICRUCIAN MANIFESTO AND DRAMATIC REFLECTION OF THE DISCOVERY OF THE NEW WORLD. The special play occupies a unique place in Shakespearean dramatic literature and for that reason is deliberately printed as the first play in the Shakespeare First Folio. Its central God-like figure the scientific-philosopher Prospero is a complex dramatic portrait made in the image of his creator, the scientific-philosopher Francis Bacon, Founding Father of Modern Science and the Modern World. Through his all-knowing and all-seeing mind the scientific-philosopher Prospero/Bacon controls the world and destiny of humankind and can be seen as the commander-in-chief of the Rosicrucian Brothers who govern the invisible Salomon’s House in his New Atlantis (Land of the Rosicrucians), with Solomon’s House, or Solomon’s Temple, the central legend of its outer body, the Freemasonry Brotherhood. The Tempest described by Dr Yates as a ‘Rosicrucian manifesto’,1 is a condensed dramatic reflection of the discovery of the New World of North America and New Atlantis (or, The Land of the Rosicrucians) a philosophical & scientific blueprint for what became the United States of America, whose coeval the first Rosicrucian manifesto the Fama Fraternitatis, was first issued with their divine statement of intent of The Universal of the Reformation of the Whole World. 1. Frances A Yates, Shakespeare’s Last Plays: A New Approach (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975), p. 130.
  8. FRANCIS BACON, THE STRICT SECRECY OF THE VIRGINIA COMPANY, AND A SOURCE FOR HIS SHAKESPEARE PLAY THE TEMPEST. For self-evident reasons the Virginia Council of which Bacon was the key member attached strict secrecy to all communications, manuscripts and writings relating to the colony that it did not want conveying to the public, that might in any way jeopardise the success of the project and future of the North American continent. In addition to A Trve and Sincere declaration of the purpose and ends of the Plantation begun in Virginia and A Trve Declaration of the estate of the Colonie in Virginia both anonymously written by Bacon it is also certain that Bacon made use of Strachey’s True Reportory of the Wrack dated 15 July 1610 (not published until 1625) for the latter A True Declaration is a direct and immediate source for his New World masterpiece The Tempest. The first recorded performance of The Tempest took place on 1 November 1611 at the royal court of James I. It opens with an inspired dramatic enactment of the tempest faced by the Sea Venture which occurred off the coast of Bermuda as the colonists headed to Virginia, location of the first permanent English settlement in North America-a dramatic symbolic portrayal, representing the birth of what became the United States of America.
  9. BEING ELIZABETH: THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE VIRGIN QUEEN You’ve seen Becoming Elizabeth now see Being Elizabeth – what happened next: Elizabeth I was secretly married to childhood friend Robert Dudley and had two concealed royal princes known to the world as Francis Bacon and Robert Devereux. Some knew these explosive secrets but were ordered to keep silent for fear of their lives. https://www.dropbox.com/s/p3a37dnwmp4oue2/ELIZABETH.mp4?dl=0
  10. FRANCIS BACON SECRET FOUNDER OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND HIS ANONYMOUS AUTHORSHIP OF TWO KEY FOUNDATION TEXTS. On 8 November 1610 the Virginia Council of London entered on the Stationers’ Register a second similarly entitled document A Trve Declaration of the estate of the Colonie in Virginia, with a confutation of such scandalous reports as haue tended to the disgrace of so worthy an enterprise.1 The identity of the anonymous author of these two historically prophetic documents issued under the auspices of the Virginia Council has never been fully determined and until recently has attracted very little or no discernible attention and are not referred to or discussed by Bacon's orthodox editors and biographers: After giving a series of lectures in the University of Oxford in 1950, which were firstly chiefly taken up with exploring Hamlet and King Lear in relation to Bacon’s Advancement of Learning, D. G. James delivered a further series of lectures on the play The Tempest in The Dream of Prospero wherein he ‘tried to see Shakespeare and Francis Bacon in comparison with each other as prophets and makers of the modern world.’2 A part of his work relating to the Baconian-Shakespearean The Tempest is devoted to a brief history of the colonisation of Virginia leading him to examine the two documents issued by the supreme authority of its council: A True Declaration requires to be read as a document which, in its ordering of fact and argument, and in its majestic eloquence, exceeds only A True and Sincere Declaration in communicating to us the feel and pressure of the time in its resolve to create a new English world and a vast extension of the Kingdom of Man. The Kingdom of Man! The phrase is Francis Bacon’s, who in the New Atlantis was to speak of ‘enlarging the bounds of human empire’. To whom did the Virginia Council turn to compose the Declarations, so critical for the future of civilization in the West? We need to remember that the meetings of the Council were held in secrecy. To whom, of their number, would they turn? I do not doubt that it was to the Solicitor-General, incomparably the greatest advocate and orator of the age. The writer of A True Declaration ‘professeth that he will relate nothing (concerning Virginia) but what he hath from the secrets of the iudiciall councell of Virginia from the letters of Lord La Ware, from the mouth of Sir Thomas Gates, whose wisdomes (he conceiueth) are not so shallow, as easily to be deceiued of others nor consciences so wretched, as by pretences to deceiue others’. He was clearly a person of great position and authority; and he does not hesitate to use the first person singular: nor had the writer of A True and Sincere Declaration. …Bacon’s authorship of the Declarations, or, at the least, his great hand in their composition, becomes clear to anyone who, having read over the Declarations, recalls, or then reads over, others of Bacon’s writings. To read over the first book of The Advancement of Learning is to see the same style, ordonnance, and learning at work as show themselves in the Declarations; or again, there are Of the True Greatness of the Kingdom of Britain (1608), and An Advertisement touching an Holy War (1622); there are also, smaller in scope, the essays Of the True Greatness of Kingdoms and Estates and Of Plantations. The same hand is to be seen in all. The reader of the two Declarations will see that the first is plainer, more direct, and less learned than the second; it is in the second that Bacon exercises his full armoury, both in its depth or argumentation and in its manner: it is full of Bacon’s magnanimity, and that ‘high learning, which he wore with as little concealment as a diamond’. But in the first are the words which I quoted earlier from the prayer with which A True and Sincere Declaration ends, where we read of the ‘nourishing’ of the ‘graine of seed, that it may spread till all the people of the earth admire the greatnesse, and seeke the shades and fruite thereof’. This image recurs again and again, in the writings to which I have just referred. In Of the True Greatness of the Kingdom of Britain, written, it seems, in 1608, we read that ‘the true greatness of kingdoms upon earth is not without some analogy with the kingdom of Heaven, as our Saviour describes it: which he doth resemble not to any great kernel or nut, but to one of the least grains, but yet such a one as hath a property to grow and spread’.3 1. Anon., A Trve Declaration Of The estate of the Colonie in Virginia, With a confutation of such scandalous reports as haue tended to the disgrace of so worthy an enterprise. Published by the advise and direction of the Councell of Virginia (London: printed by William Barret, 1610). 2. D. G. James, The Dream Of Prospero (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1967), p. iv. 3. Ibid., pp. 97-9.
  11. FRANCIS BACON SECRET FOUNDING FATHER OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. In the June of 1609 under Sir George Somers, Admiral of the Fleet, a fleet of ships set sail from Plymouth with men and supplies to strengthen the colony. On 24 July one of the ships the Sea Venture carrying Sir Thomas Gates and William Strachey, who was to be appointed Secretary to the Council, was caught up in a fierce tempest off the coast of Bermuda where they became separated from the rest of the fleet and ran aground on the islands. The ship became wedged between rocks but fortunately everyone got safely ashore. The rest of the ships successfully made it to Virginia. After building two ships during the winter in Bermuda the shipwrecked crew arrived at Jamestown in May 1610 and joined up with the rest of the expedition. The first arrivals found the colony in Jamestown in an appalling state. Many of the colonists had died in the winter of starvation and provisions were still low and disease rampant. In the absence of any direct authority anarchy reigned with the whole colony on the point of collapse. News began to reach England that some of the key figures had been lost at sea. In an attempt to allay the growing disquiet and to raise much needed funds the Virginia Council entered in the Stationers’ Register on 14 December 1609 A Trve and Sincere declaration of the purpose and ends of the Plantation begun in Virginia which was most probably published shortly after.1 The text of this original rare edition was reprinted for the first time by Brown, which he believed ‘contains more historical information regarding our foundation than any other publication of the authorities, or authorized by them.’2 The True and Sincere Declaration states D. G. James in The Dream of Prospero (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1967) is ‘a masterly, noble, and moving document, and was heavy with destiny for the future of England and the United States.’3 1. Anon., A Trve And Sincere declaration of the purpose and ends of the Plantation begun in Virginia, of the degrees which it hath receiued; and meanes by which it hath beene aduanced: and the resolution and conclusion of his Maiesties Councel of that Colony, for the constant and patient prosecution thereof, vntill by the mercies of God it shall retribute a fruitful haruest to the Kindome of heaven, and this Common-Wealth. Sett forth by the authority of the Gouernors and Councellors established for that Plantation (London: printed for I. Stepneth, 1610). 2. Alexander Brown, ed., The Genesis Of The United States A Narrative Of The Movement In England, 1605-1616, Which Resulted In The Plantation Of North America (London: William Heinemann, 1890), I, p. 337. 3. D. G. James, The Dream Of Prospero (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1967), p. 93.
  12. FRANCIS BACON SECRET FOUNDING FATHER OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. The identity of the original Founding Father of the United States of America, namely Francis Bacon-Shakespeare (known to his Rosicrucian-Freemasonry Brotherhood) has been carefully concealed, hidden and obscured from the conventional pages of history and the pages of his orthodox editors and biographers. But it was certainly known to Alexander Brown who cryptically reveals it to us in The Genesis of the United States. The first page of his preface which sits immediately above the passage quoted above very deliberately produces the following apposite words from Lord Bacon: “As in arts and sciences to be the first inventor is more than to illustrate or amplify; and as in the works of God the creation is greater than the preservation; and as in the works of nature the birth and nativity is more than the continuance; so in kingdomes the first foundation or plantation is of more noble dignity and merit than all that followeth. And the foundation that makes one of none, resembles the creation of the world, which was de nihilo ad quid.”-SIR FRANCIS BACON.1 1. Alexander Brown, ed., The Genesis Of The United States A Narrative Of The Movement In England, 1605-1616, Which Resulted In The Plantation Of North America (London: William Heinemann, 1890), I, p. v.
  13. THE PART TRANSLATION OF RAGGUAGLI DI PARNASSO. When Queen Anne died in 1619 Florio lost his position at court and spent his last years with his new wife living in poverty at Fleet Street in Fulham. From his house in Fulham Florio worked on the third edition of his dictionary published many years after his death and also translated into English parts of Traiano Boccalini’s Ragguagli di Parnaso published by William Vaughan under the title of The New-found Politicke in 1626. In his final years at Fulham his private and literary relationship with Bacon which began decades before continued to the end of his days. In the collection of Pembroke Papers at the British Library published by the Historical Manuscripts Commission Pott discovered documents ‘which prove that John Florio was among the “able pens” who aided Bacon in the production of his voluminous works.’1 In a letter to Mons. Jurnall Florio states by order of King James he has ‘translated the King’s works and printed some of them beyond the seas. Also Sir Philip Sidney’s Arcadia, and some of Lord Bacon’s writings.’ A petition dated 1621 presented by Mons. Jurnall to ‘the Duke’ (probably Buckingham) relates that James promised Florio an annuity of £50 as interpreter of foreign languages, and translator ‘not only of his Majesty’s works, but of Arcadia and the whole of the works of Visct. St Albans.’2 It remains to be seen wrote Pott ‘under what names the books were published which Florio translated and published abroad’,3 which she supposed were translated into French and Italian.4 And writes Reed ‘in some of the Pembroke MSS he [Florio] figures as a member, with Herbert, Hobbes, and Jonson, of Bacon’s literary bureau at Gorhambury.’5 It was in this period that Florio along with William Vaughan and one unnamed other partly translated the historically important The New found-Politicke published the year after his death. The very existence of this rare, overlooked, and little known work was first pointed out to the English speaking world for the first time in a brief notice in the journal of Modern Language Notes by M. W. Croll in 1919 ‘I have’ he writes, ‘happened upon an apparently unrecorded work by John Florio’ published by William Vaughan in 1626 adding the work ‘is not mentioned by Sidney Lee in the DNB., or in any other bibliography that I have consulted.’6 In his article ‘The First English Translators of Trajano Boccalini’s Ragguagli di Parnaso: A Study of Literary Relationships’ William F. Marquardt remarked ‘The influence of Bocallini’s Ragguagli di Parnaso in England during the seventeenth and eighteenth has received almost no attention in the histories of English literature’ and there has been no ‘complete account of the first attempts to adapt the Ragguagli to the tastes of English readers’ in the anonymous tract Newes from Pernassus (1622) and The New-found Politicke.7 The original work issued in the name of Traiano Boccalini is divided into three parts or three centuries with the ‘centuria prima’ published in 1612, the ‘seconda centuria’ 1613 and the ‘Pietra del Paragone Politico’ 1615, which formed part of the Ragguagli in later editions. Similarly The New-found Politicke is divided into three parts and in his dedication to Charles I Vaughan informs the work is translated by three different hands, by himself, Florio, and one other, who he deliberately chooses not to name: The First was translated by M. Florio, sometime Seruant to your Royall Mother of blessed memory. The Second by one, vnto whom the common wealth cannot not yet be beholding for his name; And the Third part by me, although farre inferiour vnto either of them for any knowledge which I dare arrogate to my selfe in the Italian Tongue, hauing discontinued the vse thereof since my returne out of Italie, being aboue 24. yeeres past, vntill this present time. 8 The three centuries of the Ragguagli di Parnasso contains two hundred and ninety-six chapters and the New-found Politicke fifty-eight. The English translation of the New-found Politicke does not correspond with the three divisions in the Ragguagli nor does the order or sequence of the chapters in the former correspond to the original. The first part of the translation for which Florio is credited contains chapters from all three parts of the Boccalini original; eight from the first part of the Ragguagli, twelve from the second, and eight from the third. The second part by the unnamed translator are all taken from the third century of Ragguagli and the third part translated by Vaughan, all the chapters except two are taken from the first part of the original.9 It is clear that the two named translators Vaughan and Florio were on intimate terms and had long moved in the same circles. In The Golden Fleece which is modelled on the Raggluagli published in 1626 Vaughan mentions Florio on several occasions and also introduces him into an imaginary conversation between Vaughan, Florio and Robert Burton.10 It is almost entirely on this basis that Burton (a literary mask for Bacon) has been put forward as a candidate for the unnamed translator of The New-found Politicke and to the present day the identity of the anonymous translator who could not be named has never been satisfactorily determined. As with his secret concealed authorship of the Shakespeare works, the author to whom the Commonwealth cannot yet be beholding for his name, is the one and only, Francis Bacon. 1. C. M. Pott, ‘Michel De Montaigne; His Autobiography Compared With Francis Bacon’, Baconiana (London: printed by Robert Banks and Son), vol. IV, New Series, April 1896, no 14, p. 61. 2. Government Commission Historical MSS., vol. 10, xiv, pp. 276-7 cited in C. M. Pott, ‘Michel De Montaigne; His Autobiography Compared With Francis Bacon’, Baconiana, (London: printed by Robert Banks and Son), vol. IV, New Series, April 1896, no 14, p. 61. 3. Ibid., p. 61. 4. C. M. Pott in Francis Bacon and his Secret Society An Attempt to Collect and Unite the Lost Links of a Long and Strong Chain (Chicago: Francis J. Schulte & Company, 1891) p. 43; C. M. Pott, Francis Bacon and his Secret Society An Attempt to Collect and Unite the Lost Links of a Long and Strong Chain Second and Revised Edition (London: Robert Banks & Son, 1911), pp. 40-1. I have not seen the Pembroke Papers nor am I aware which Bacon works Florio translated presuming he did so, and none have surfaced with his name to them. 5. Edwin Reed, Bacon vs. Shakspere (Boston: Joseph Knight Company, 1897), pp. 85-6. The substance of Pott and Reed is repeated by Bertram G. Theobald in Enter Francis Bacon (London: Cecil Palmer, 1932), p. 25. 6. Morris W. Croll, ‘John Florio’, Modern Language Notes, vol. XXXIV (1919), p. 376. He was however anticipated by Rudolf Brotanek ‘Trajono Boccalinis Einfuss auf die englische Literatur’, Archiv fur das Stadium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen, CXI (1903), pp. 405-14, at p. 411, as pointed out by William F. Marquardt, ‘The First English Translators of Trajano Boccalini’s Ragguagli di Parnaso: A Study of Literary Relationships’, The Huntington Library Quarterly, Vol. XV, (1951-2), p. 3 n1. 7. William F. Marquardt, ‘The First English Translators of Trajano Boccalini’s Ragguagli di Parnaso: A Study of Literary Relationships’, The Huntington Library Quarterly, Vol. XV, (1951-2), pp. 1-2. 8. William Vaughan, The Nevv-found Politicke. Disclosing The Secret Natvres and dispositions as well of priuate persons as of Statesmen and Courtiers; wherein the Gouernments, Greatnesse, and Power of the most notable Kingdomes and Common-wealths of the world are discouered and censured. Together with Many Excellent Caueats and Rules fit to be obserued by those Princes and States of Christendome, both Protestants and Papists, which haue reason to distrust the designes of the King of Spain, as by the speech of the Duke of Hernia, vttered in the Counsell of Spaine, and hereto answered, may appeare. Written in Italian By Traiano Boccalini Gentleman of Rome, and priuiledged by sundry Princes of Italy, and also out of Italy by the most Christian King. And now translated in English for the benefit of this kingdome (London: printed for Francis Williams, 1626), A2r. 9. Frances A. Yates, John Florio The Life of an Italian in Shakespeare’s England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1934), p. 302. 10. Vaughan, The Golden Fleece Diuided into three Parts, Vnder which are discouered the Errours of Religion, the Vices and Decayes of the Kingdome, and lastly the wayes to get wealth, and to restore Trading so much complained of. Transported From Cambrioll Colchos, out of the Southermost Part of the Iland, commonly called the Newfovndland. By Orpheus Iunior, For the generall and perpetuall Good of Great Britaine (London: printed for Francis Williams, 1626), Part I, p. 26; Frances A. Yates, John Florio The Life of an Italian in Shakespeare’s England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1934), pp. 85- 6. In addition to the conversation between Vaughan, Florio and Burton Dr Yates also discusses other mentions by Vaughan of Florio on p. 264 and his appearance before the imaginary court of Apollo on pp. 260-4.
  14. THE EIGHT BACON-SHAKESPEARE QUARTOS DISCOVERED AT GORHAMBURY. Could you just imagine the headlines around the world if eight Shakespeare quartos were discovered in the house of Shakspere of Stratford or one of his relatives or descendants! SEE: Jean Overton Fuller, Francis Bacon A Biography (London and The Hague: East-West Publications, 1981), p. 362. Lawrence Gerald, ‘The Discovery of Eight Shakespeare Quartos in Bacon’s Library’, available at www.sirbacon.org from which I indebted for the reproduction of the title pages of the eight Gorhambury quartos since transferred to the Bodleian Library, Oxford where they are still presently housed.
  15. THE ANONYMOUS BISHAM ENTERTAINMENT WRITTEN BY BACON FOR HIS ROYAL MOTHER QUEEN ELIZABETH-A SOURCE FOR A NUMBER OF HIS SHAKESPEARE PLAYS. Only three copies survive of the very rare original edition of Speeches Delivered to Her Majesty this Last Progress, at the Right Honourable the Lady Russells, at Bissam printed by Joseph Barnes at Oxford in 1592. Two of these copies are held in the USA: at the Henry E. Huntington Library and Folger Shakespeare Library, in Washington, with the other known copy held at the British Library in London. Across the first page of the 1592 edition appears the Baconian-Rosicrucian AA headpiece which attests to its secret Bacon provenance further confirmed by a number of Baconian-Rosicrucian ciphers secretly incorporated into its title page.
  16. THE LITTLE KNOWN AND READ PLAYTHE MISFORTUNES OF ARTHUR (MARKING THE FIRST APPEARANCE OF BACON'S NAME IN PRINT) HIS FIRST UNACKNOWLEDGED SHAKESPEARE PLAY WHICH IS REPEATEDLY ECHOED THROUGHOUT THE SHAKESPEARE CANON. For four hundred years The Misfortunes of Arthur has been surrounded by silence and suppression. This relatively unknown historically important drama marks the first appearance of the name of the great poet-philosopher and dramatist Francis Bacon in print and is by definition unique in the canon of his acknowledged writings and marks a unique biographical and bibliographical milestone in the literary career of this great historical figure and man of letters. The important landmark drama written, performed and published in 1587-8 immediately pre-dates the Shakespearean era and is of untold importance in the history of his authorship of the Shakespeare plays. The Misfortunes of Arthur serves as a source for at least half-a-dozen of his Shakespeare plays and has moroever important and extensive links to more than half the Shakespeare canon. It is permeated with his Baconian-Shakespearean DNA whose salient themes repeatedly anticipates and finds echo throughout the whole Shakespeare canon from the first to the last.
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