excerpt from Peter Dawkins' book

The Ancient Egyptian Mysteries
Arcadia and the Arcadian Academy
(The Life and Times of Francis Bacon, 1579-1585)


Pallas Athena is Goddess of Intelligence and Enlightenment, by means of whom Wisdom is born and made manifest in the world. According to ancient mythology, Apollo, God of Wisdom, is her spouse, and Esclepius, the great Healer-Teacher (a Hermes or Christ figure), is their son. Mount Parnassus, the Mount of Inspiration and Enlightenment, is their mutual home.
Athena is the Goddess of Fame, Patroness and Leader of the Seven Liberal Arts and Sciences, Goddess of peace and all learning, and hence the Protectress of the heroes-the brave, valorous and righteous-who seek the 'fame' of enlightenment.As the great Goddess of Intelligence, she is the upholder of justice and virtue. She is the Goddess of Poetry, in the sense of Poetry embracing all other things, and is known as the Tenth Muse, Leader of the other Nine.

Pallas Athena emblem from titlepage to Bacon's Scripta in Naturali et Universali Philosophia (1653)
Inscription : "Ne extra oleas."
Translation : "Nothing but the olive."
Pallas Athena Emblem from titlepage to Bacon's Nova Atlantis (1643)
Inscription : "Et flore et fructu."
Translation : "With both flower and fruit."

 Athena's principal symbols as shown in these illustrations are the olive tree (signifying enlightenment, peace, concord, prosperity), the owl (signifying perception and sagacity), a spear of light (signifying the power of bestowing illumination upon others) a golden helmet (akin to the halo, signifying illumination, which is salvation, and which bestows 'invisibility' or protection upon its wearer), a mirror-like shield, sometimes containing the impress or image of the Gorgon Medusa's head (signifying the clear, reflective mind and it's understanding), a goatskin breastplate, sometimes fringed with snakes concealing a bag containing the head of Medusa (signifying righteousness and the protection of pure love) and an aegis or tunic, sometimes a cloak (worn by maidens as a symbol of chastity and virtue, as well as concealment.).

 And Athena can be seen on the title Page of Bacon's Wisdom of the Ancients

Bacon's signature with insignia of Athena's mirror

It appears at the top of the Northumberland Manuscript page under the words 'Mr.ffrauncis Bacon of Tribute or giving what is dew.' The glyph that looks like a "6"laying on its side is a Rosicross symbol representing the mirror of Pallas Athena, which in the myth was used to capture Medusa. The mirror was a means of receiving and transmitting knowledge or wisdom by reflection. It was Bacon's secret symbol representing that he was Shake-speare, the representative of Pallas Athena the Spear-Shaker.


 Jean de La Jessee private secretary to the Duc d'Anjou Letter unpublished during Bacon's lifetime praises and acknowledges Francis Bacon as a supreme poet and associates Francis with Pallas Athena


Ce qu' inspire du Ciel, et plein d'affection

Je comble si souvent ma bouche, et ma poitrine

Du sacre Nom fameus de ta Royne divine

Ses valeurs en son cause et sa perfection.

Sie ce siecle de fer simainte Nation

Ingratte a ses honneurs, n'avait lame AEmantine

Ravis de ce beau Nom, Qu'aus Graces je destine

Avec eus nous l'aurions en admuration.

Donc -Baccon-s'il advient que ma Muse l'on vante

Ce n'est pas qu' elle soit ou diserte, ou scavante:

Bien que vostre Pallas me rende mieus instruit

C'est pource que mn Lut chant sa glorie sainte

Ou qu'en ces vers nayfz Image est emprainte

Ou que ta vertu claire en mon ombre relui

Translation of the last 6 lines










Therefore Bacon if it chances that my Muse praises someone
It is not because she is eloquent or learned,
Although your Pallas has taught me better (how to speak); 
It is because my Lute sings the saintly glory
Or in these artless [naive] lines his image is imprinted
Or that thy Virtue bright shines in my shade.




" This poem was written in Francis' lifetime but never published. However, a few months after Francis' death to the world as 'Bacon' (Easter, April 1626) a collection of thirty-two remarkable Latin elegies to the memory of Francis Bacon were published by John Haviland under the title of Memoriae Honoratissimi Domini Francisci, Baronis de Verulamio, Vice-comitis Sancti Albani Sacrum (1626). These are more commonly known as the Manes Verulamiani, and selections of them were reprinted in the 1640 and 1674 editions of The Advancement of Learning. In Dr. William Rawley's 'Introduction to the Manes,' he states that he, as editor he felt it necessary to withhold the "best" poems from publication; nevertheless, those poems that Rawley did publish declare Francis Bacon to have been not just a supreme poet, second to none, the writer of unacknowledged literary work, associated with theatre, and the centre of a mystery which it was reserved for posterity to unravel, but also a genius of all geniuses, in every field of human endeavour and possibility. Even in those days of elaborate praise, such a tribute has rarely been given to any man in living history and, with their veiled but pointed allusions, what these elegies are saying is quite remarkable and should be noted. -Peter Dawkins, Arcadia . See: The Francis Bacon Research Trust

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 - Sir Francis Bacon's New Advancement of Learning