A Complete System of Cryptography
"Let No one read unwillingly, for
such I've written not;
For him my page is written, to whom it gives delight."
(published in 1624)
translated from the Latin by Dr. John William Henry Walden
Instructor of Latin at Harvard
in Nine Books
Wherein is also contained a most clear Elucidation of the Steganographia, a Book at one time composed,
Magic and Enigmatic form
Abbot of Spanheim and Wurzburg
a man of Wonderful Parts.
There being throughout introduced Devices of the Author and of Others, which merit your Attention
Table of Contents
by book and Chapter Headings
1. Origin and Value of the Art
2. Definition of Cryptography
3. Place among cognate subjects
4. Distribution of this Treatise
Book II.Mediums or Modes of Secret -Making
1. By Speech and Signs
2. By Writing
3. Order, Power and Form of Letters
4. Disarrangment of the Order
5. By Inversion of Letters' Order
6. Transposition of the Letters
7.Direct and Oblique Scattering
8. Use of Key, Arbitrary Scattering
9. Use of a Table in Scattering
10. Use of Nulls or Non- significants
Book III. Steganongraphy in Detail
1. Introduction to Trithemius' Book
2. Steganography's Principal Modes
3. Trithemius's "Pamerisiel"
4. Trithemius' " Camuel" and Padiel"
5. Trithemius's "Aseliel"
6.Tritemius' "Gediel", "Maseriel". "Dorothiel" and "Cabariel"
7. Trithemius' "Barmiel", "Asiriel",
"Raysiel", & "Symiel"
8. Trithemius' "Carnesiel", "Capsiel", "Amenadiel", and "Demoriel"
9. Trithemius' "Buriel", Hydriel", "Emoniel", "Icosiel"
10. Trithemius' "Armediel" and "Baruchas"
11. Trithemius' "Geradiel", "Bydiel",
"Uriel", "Pyrichiel", "Soleviel
"Menadiel" and "Macariel"
12. Trithemius' 1st Mode, "Samuel"
2nd Mode , "Anael"
3rd Mode, "Vequaniel"
4th Mode, "Vathmiel"
5th Mode, " Sasquiel"
6th Mode, "Samiel"
7th Mode, "Barquiel"
8th Mode, " Osmodael"
9th Mode, "Quabriel"
10th Mode, "Oriel"
11th Mode, "Bariel"
12th Mode, "Berathiel"
13th Mode, "Sabrathan"
14th Mode, "Tartys"
15th Mode, "Serquanich"
16th Mode, "Jefischa"
17th Mode, "Abasdarhon"
18th Mode, "Zaazenach"
19th Mode, "Mendrion"
20th Mode, "Narconiel"
21st Mode, "Pamyel"
13. Trithemius' "Jasguarim"
First syllable consignificant
14. Trithemius' "Reserved Words
1st Mode "Dardariel"
2nd Mode, "Sarandiel"
15. Trithemius' Unpublished Modes
1st Mode, "Malchiedael"
2nd Mode, "Asmodel"
3rd Mode, "Ambriel"
4th Mode, "Muriel"
5th Mode, "Verchiel"
6th Mode, "Hamaliel"
7th Mode," Zuriel"
8th Mode, "Marchiel"
9th Mode, "Advachiel"
10th Mode, "Hanael"
11th Mode, "Gambiel"
12th Mode, "Barchiel"
16. Trithemius' "Mantissa"
Preface to his Third Book of the Steganography, wherein he describes a marvelous wordless cipher making use of the 7 Planets, 7 Angels, and the 21 Spirits
How it operates
Book IV. Ciphers by Preparation of Words
1. Subject considered Generically
2. By Nomenclature
3. Key by first two letters
4. Using last letter as Key
5. Letters marked by Points or Signs
6. Number and Grill Ciphers
7. Use of Fictitious Words
8. Trithemius' Polygraphia
His troubles and purposes
Germans famous for their
discoveries i.e. Trithemius
9. Use of prearranged Alphabet; Porta
10. How to Cloak a Cipher
Book V. On Interchange of Power in Letters
1. General Considerations
Vigenere "a store of information on remote subjects" (1586)
Collanges translated Trithemius' Polygraphy into French
and his own article on "De Cabala" (1561)
Johann Welch referred to
2. Direct Primary Transposition
3. Arbitrary Primary Transposition
4. Use of the Wheel in Ciphers
5. Fortuitous Simple Transposition
6. Mutual Transposition of the Letters of a single Alphabet
7. Mixed Transposition of Vowels and Consonants
8. Direct Transposition of two Letters taken together
9. Direct Transposition of three letters
10. Oblique Transposition in general,or the
of the Alphabet into fewer letters; and, in particular, on
Transposition of Radical Letters
11. Oblique Transposition of Consonants
Vowels, and the first two Modes thereof
12. Oblique Transpostion into Consonants
either or four
in number ; whereto is attached a key
13. Oblique Transpostion of Letters into
of fewer Letters: the Simpler Form thereof
14. Oblique Transpostion in accordance with
Arrangement of of Letters
15. Inverted Transposition
16.Simple Inverted Transposition: of two
17.Simple Inverted Transpositions of three or more Letters
18. Artificial Inverted Transposition
19. Mixed Inverted Transposition: by Limitation of a Fixed Number
20. Mixed Inverted Transposition: Limitation of Fixed Letter
21. By the Distinctive Apposition of Small Notes
22. Mediate or Secondary Transmutation
23. Figurative or Accessory Transmutation
Book VI. Subduction of Form in Letters
1. General Considerations touching Subduction
2. Real Substitution of Ciphers, its first
and the subdivisions thereof
3. Preparations of Letters which are Unused
4. Adoption of Ciphers into a Class of Letters
5. Fabrication of New Ciphers from Old Letters
6. Formation of New Ciphers from Virgules
7. Certain Admonitions which are in place at this point
8. Formation, or Substitution, of Similar
the Simpler Process
9. The Simpler arrangement of Points according to a Norm
10. The more Laborius Arrangemnets of Points
11. The Arrangement of Points by means of a Process of Reflection
12. Formation of Mixed Ciphers, and, first, on the Drawing of Lines
13. Various Forms of Symbolization,
accomplished through Ciphers, of
an Ambigious Nature
14. Various Arrangements of the Parts of the Figue of the Cross
15. Transposition of Dissimilar and Mixed Ciphers
16. Transformation as Clothed in Direct Transpostion
17. Another kind of the present
to Chapters 8 & 9 of Book V.
18. Transformation on Oblique Transpostion
19. Oblique Transformation of Musical Notes
20. Transformation by Inverted Transpostion
21. Transformation of Dissimilar Ciphers by
Artificial Scattering of Ciphers
22. Re-formation through the Introduction of
Matter; and the first Class thereof
23. Reformation of Ciphers, performed with
reference to Matter more
24. Re-formation through the Superinduction of a Figure
25. Re-formation of Points by the Device of a picture
26.Connotations of Ciphers, designating,
among a large
number of letters, certain definite Letters
27. Connotation of Ciphers or Points: General Considerations
28. Connotation with a Key
29. Figurative Connotation, used with
reference to some external
piece of Writing, and performed by process of Direct Transpostion
30. Connotation of Points, performed after
the manner of
31. Connotation, performed after the manner of Inverted Transpostion
32.Annotation of Dissimilar Ciphers, soley designating
Book VII. On the Writing of Syllables and Words
1. Hidden Writing of Syllables
2. By the Inversion of Scattered Syllables,
Superinduction of Non- significant Syllables
3. Transposition of Syllables, and the
obtaining Secrecy thereby
4. Syllabic Concealment by the Subtraction of Forms
5. Hidden writing of Syllables by the presentation of Ciphers
6. Hidden Position of Words, taking place by
by Inversion of Scattered Words, and by Superinduction of
Other, Non-significant, Words
7. Interchange of Certain Words
8. Notation of Words
9. Notation of words accomplised by
Straight or Curved, and Sigla
10. Connotaion and the first kind of Annotation
11. Second Method of Annotating: by means of
Accidents of Nouns and Verbs
12. Third Method of Annotating: by means of Words
13. Hidden Writing produced by Sense, and,
14. Hidden Writing by the Annotation of a Grammatical Note
15. Hieroglyphical Notation
16. Hidden Writing by Language
17. Third Method of Concealing a Secret by Language
Book VIII. Instruments etc., of Writing and on Quasi- Writing
1. Instruments of Writing and the Connections; also on Quasi- Writing in general
2. Hidden Writing taking place on the basis
of the Material on Which ,or of the Subject;
and the first two Modes thereof
3. Third Particular Mode, taking place
through an Unsuitable Material, or a
Thread of certain kind
4. Hidden writings by the use of Ink, Water,
or some other Liquid, or the
Second General Mode
5. Second and Third Modes of Writings by Invisible Letters
6. Hidden writing by a Foreign Stylus; or the Third General Mode
7. Last mode, depending on, and happening
by, the External, or Accessory,
Limitation of Writing, that is by the Connection; or on Secret Dispatch
8. Introduction to Semaeography or Hidden Symbolization of Letters
9. Hidden Symbolization of Epistolary Writing, Direct, Oblique and Compendious
10. Sympathetic, or Magic, Symbolization
11. Hidden Symbolization of Abecedarian Speech: the Simple Method
12. Compendious Symbolization of Abecedarian Speech
13. Subsidiary Symbolization of Abecedarian Speech
14. Symbolization of Abecedarian Speech from a Distance
Book 1X. On the Exercise -Book, or Practice, of my Cryptomenytices.
1. General Consderation relative to this Matter
2. Fit subject of Cryptomenytices and his Characteristics
3. The Object, or the Matters about which Practice is rightly concerned
4. The Act itself of Practising
5. On Imitation
6. On Interpretation in General
7. On Interpretation in Special
8. Logistical Discovery of a Hidden Act
9. Logistical Unlocking of the Buteonic Lock
To see the book in either English or Latin