In 1898, faced with evidence of Shakespeare authorship that would fill less than half a sheet of paper, Stratfordian Sir Sidney Lee turned to an inferential adverbial style that enabled Lee to produce the standard work, a 450-page "Life of Shakespeare," thus founding the predominant Inferential School of Stratfordian scholarship.

Among Lee's inferential clauses that substitute an inference when evidence is required, the adverb "doubless" is found sixty-one times:

"There is a probability,"

"It is conjectured"

"It is probable,"

"One can well imagine,"

"It may have been,"

"In all likelihood,"


"It is alleged,"

"it is possible,"

"beyond doubt,"

"it may be questioned,"

"it may well be,

"might have,"

"there is little doubt,"

"it is reasonable to assume,"

"it is possible,"

"there is no external evidence,"

"a bare possibility,"

"it may be inferred,"

"it may be doubted,"

"there is some ground for assuming,' '

"a bare likelihood,"

"no sustained evidence,"

"in all probability,"

"there is reason to believe,"

"it is commonly assumed;"

"we can hardly doubt,"

"it may have been,"

"we have some reason to believe,"

"there is some ground for thinking,"

"whether or no,"


"it seems probable,"

"one can well imagine."

--Elizabeth Weir