The Cambridge
Companion to
Bacon

Edited by

Markku Peltonen

Canbridge University Press 1996

Each volume of this series of companions to major philosopers contains specially commissioned essays by an international team of scholars, together with a substantial bibliography, and will serve as a reference work for students and nonspecialists. One aim of the series is to dispel the intimidation such readers often feel when faced with the work of a difficult and challenging thinker.

Francis Bacon (1561-1626) is one of the most important philosophers of the early modern era. His plan for scientific reform played a central role in the birth of the new science. The essays in this volume offer a comprehensive survey of his writings on science, including his classifications of sciences, his theory of knowledge and of forms, his speculative philosophy, his idea of cooperative scientific research, and the providential aspects of Baconian science. There are also essays on Bacon's theory of rhetoric and history as well as on his moral and political philosophy and on his legacy. Throughout, the contributors aim to place Bacon in his historical context.
New readers and nonspecialists will find this the most convenient and accessible guide to Bacon currently available. Advanced students and specialists will find a conspectus of recent developments in the interpretation of Bacon.

List of contributors
Textual note
Chronology

Introduction
Markku Peltonen

page vii
xi
xiii

1

1. Bacon's idea of Science
Paolo Rossi

25

2.Bacon's classification of knowledge
Sachiko Kusukawa

47

3. Bacon's method of science

Michel Malherbe

75

4. Bacon's forms and the maker's knowledge tradition
Antonio Perez-Ramos

99

5. Bacon's speculative philosophy
Graham Rees

121

6.Bacon as an advocate for cooperative scientific research
Rose-Mary Sargent

146

7. Bacon's science and religion
John Channing Briggs

172

8. Bacon and rhetoric
Brian Vickers

200

9. Bacon and history
John F. Tinkler

232

10. Bacon's moral philosophy
Ian Box

260

11. Bacon's political philosophy
Markku Peltonen

283

12. Bacon's legacy
Antonio Perez-Ramos

311

13. Bibliography
Index

365